Childhood is a time of wonder and discovery, but for some children, it can also be a time of constant sneezing, itching, and discomfort due to allergies. As a parent, understanding and managing pediatric allergies is essential to ensure your child's well-being. Allergists can help you navigate the complexities of pediatric allergies and provide your child with the relief they need.
Signs and Symptoms of Allergies in Kids:
Recognizing the signs and symptoms of allergies in children is crucial for early intervention and proper management. While symptoms can vary, the following are common manifestations of pediatric allergies:
- Nasal Symptoms. Children with allergies often experience persistent sneezing, a runny or congested nose, and frequent itching or rubbing of the nose. These symptoms can significantly impact their day-to-day activities and sleep patterns.
- Eye Irritation. Allergies can cause red, itchy, and watery eyes in children. Persistent eye rubbing and sensitivity to light may also be observed.
- Skin Reactions. Skin reactions, such as hives, eczema flare-ups, or general itchiness, can accompany pediatric allergies. These reactions can be triggered by contact with allergens or may occur as part of a wider allergic response.
- Gastrointestinal Issues. In some cases, allergies can lead to gastrointestinal symptoms such as stomach pain, diarrhea, or vomiting. These symptoms can be seen in children with food allergies.
- Respiratory Symptoms. Allergies may contribute to asthma symptoms, including frequent coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, or chest tightness. It is crucial to monitor respiratory symptoms in children and seek timely medical attention if necessary.
Common Pediatric Allergies
Children can be allergic to various substances, but certain allergens are more prevalent among the pediatric population. The following are some of the most common pediatric allergies:
- Food Allergies. Food allergies affect a significant number of children, with common culprits including peanuts, tree nuts, milk, eggs, wheat, soy, fish, and shellfish. Strict avoidance and careful monitoring are crucial for managing these allergies. Food allergies commonly trigger hives and swelling as well as coughing, wheezing and vomiting or diarrhea.
- Seasonal Allergies. Seasonal allergies, also known as hay fever or allergic rhinitis, are caused by allergens such as pollen from trees, grass, or weeds. These allergies can lead to nasal congestion, sneezing, and itchy eyes during specific times of the year.
Animal Allergies. Many children develop allergies to animals, particularly cats and dogs. Exposure to pet dander can lead to nasal and eye symptoms as well as respiratory and skin symptoms.
- Dust Mite Allergies. Dust mites, tiny organisms found in house dust, can trigger allergies in sensitive individuals. Children with dust mite allergies may experience asthma exacerbations, sneezing, or itching.
Based on a comprehensive review of family and medical history, we will select testing options based on your child’s unique situation, provide an accurate diagnosis, and develop a customized treatment plan that provides lasting relief. Our on-site testing will help us determine the root cause of symptoms so that we can more accurately treat their condition.
We offer convenient in-office laboratory testing, the results of which will be reviewed by a board-certified allergist.
After we arrive at a diagnosis, we’ll provide an individual treatment plan focused on delivering relief.
Planning Your First Visit
Schedule an appointment at your local office and fill out our pre-registration and medical history forms to help minimize any wait time when you arrive.
Your First Visit
Your initial visit will consist of a consultation, review of your medical history and a comprehensive exam to build a treatment plan tailored to your unique needs.
Diagnostics and Testing
We may complete one or more tests to better understand the cause of your symptoms. Common tests include skin testing, pulmonary testing, and blood testing.
Following the evaluation and testing, we’ll provide a comprehensive diagnosis and implement a personalized treatment plan that will deliver relief.
Best Allergy Medicines for Kids
- Antihistamines. Antihistamines are often the first line of defense against allergic symptoms. They work by blocking the action of histamines, which are chemicals released during an allergic reaction. Antihistamines can alleviate sneezing, itching, and runny nose in children. However, it is essential to choose non-drowsy formulations appropriate for your child's age.
- Leukotriene Modifiers. Leukotriene modifiers are oral medications that can help manage both allergies and mild asthma symptoms in children. They work by blocking the effects of specific chemicals that contribute to allergic reactions and inflammation.
- Nasal Corticosteroids. Nasal corticosteroids are highly effective in reducing inflammation in the nasal passages, and providing relief from congestion, sneezing, and itching. These medications are available as sprays and are safe for children when used as directed.
Best Allergy Treatments for Kids
For children with severe allergies or those whose symptoms are difficult to manage with medications alone, immunotherapy may be recommended. This long-term treatment involves gradually exposing the child's immune system to small amounts of the allergen, helping them build tolerance over time. Immunotherapy can significantly reduce or eliminate the need for other medications. Immunotherapy can be administered several different ways.
- Allergy Shots. Allergy shots (also called subcutaneous immunotherapy, or SCIT) change the way your immune system reacts to the environment. By gradually introducing ever greater quantities of the allergen, allergy shots can dampen the allergic response over time and provide lasting relief.
- Sublingual Immunotherapy. Sublingual Immunotherapy (SLIT)introduces small doses of allergens under the tongue daily and is offered in two forms, tablets and drops.
- Food Oral Immunotherapy. Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a treatment option for food-allergic patients that provides an alternative to complete avoidance of the food in question. OIT aims to help a patient’s immune system slowly acclimate to a food allergen, raising the threshold for triggering a reaction over time.
Patient and Family Education
Allergy Partners provides comprehensive education on allergy management, emergency action plans, and lifestyle adjustments to ensure your child's safety and well-being. We guide parents and caregivers on practical strategies to avoid exposure to known allergens, including modifications to diet, household environment, and lifestyle choices.
The skilled and compassionate allergists at Allergy Partners are dedicated to providing the highest quality care for your child. Find an Allergy Partners location today to schedule an appointment and take the first step in improving your child's life.